Philosophy's Role in
Counseling and Psychotherapy
by Dr. Peter B. Raabe
In Philosophy's Role in Counseling and Psychotherapy, Peter Raabe argues that philosophy is an effective method in treating mental illness. Calling for a paradigm shift away from the standard belief that the brain and mind are identical Raabe argues that so-called “mental illnesses” such as depression and schizophrenia are not the actual causes of psychological misery. Instead, they are just labels for symptoms. For example, the word “depression” is merely a label attached to a collection of symptoms such as sadness, hopelessness, and low self-esteem. Raabe posits that distressing or painful life events can cause symptoms that are often clinically labeled as the mental illness of depression. The suffering brought on by painful life events can often be alleviated with helpful discussions, and without resorting to medications. Because philosophy is the foremost form of discussion, it means that the suffering that is labeled mental illness can be treated and even cured with philosophy. Raabe ultimately concludes that philosophy is beneficial in three ways: it can prevent the onset of a so-called mental illness in the person who studies it, it can be used to help individuals suffering from the distress that is labeled “mental illness,” and it will enhance the competence of the counselor or therapist who practices it.
This book restores the philosophical wonder of theorizing about psychotherapy. Peter Raabe presents different dilemmas of the helping professions in a dignified and humane way by making problematic issues questionable and understandable. With this dose of philosophy in clinical encounters, professional and would-be therapists alike might be more attuned to finding just solutions for human predicaments. Philosophy’s Role in Counseling and Psychotherapy could also be helpful for the general public in raising awareness of how philosophy may show the way out of some of the mental prisons created by the self and society. (Shlomit C. Schuster, PhD, author of Philosophy Practice: An Alternative to Counseling and Psychotherapy)
Professor Peter Raabe analyzes conceptual confusions, methodological flaws, logical fallacies, and biased considerations that are committed by psychiatrists, psychoanalysts, and psychotherapists when they are interpreting and treating mental suffering according to a medical model. His proposed paradigm shift is the philosophical counseling approach. The impact of philosophy is indeed already present in any sort of psychotherapy and counseling that takes into account the specific nature of the mental domain and deals with subjective contents and attitudes that interfere with the client's ability to cope well in situations that are problematic from his perspective. The founders had knowingly adopted philosophical ideas. Professor Raabe maintains, however, that the impact itself is insufficient, as regular psychotherapists and counselors usually do not have the philosophical knowledge and skills that are necessary for their effective application. Raabe demonstrates his counseling approach in many inspiring ways and thereby exemplifies the richness of the philosophical arsenal in helpful questions and effective tools. This is a good source of wisdom even for psychiatrists that do not share all the anti-medical conclusions and a real challenge even for philosophers that do not share all the philosophical premises. (Ora Gruengard, PhD, Shenkar College).
Philosophy's Role in Counseling and Psychotherapy
Now available is paperback at a substantially reduced price from the hardcover edition
This book is now also available in Korean translation.
You can find an independent review of this book at the following link: Metapsychology Online Reviews.
Part I: Psychotherapy at the Start of the 21st Century
Chapter 1: Problematic Paradigms
Chapter 2: Problematic Practices
Chapter 3: Contemporary Modality
Part II: Philosophy as Therapy
Chapter 4: Past Precedence
Chapter 5: The Clinic’s Appropriation of Philosophy
Chapter 6: Psycho-therapeutic Philosophy
Chapter 7: Preventive (Prophylactic) Philosophy
Part III: Application
Chapter 8: An Education Plan
Chapter 9: Teaching ‘Sanity’
Chapter 10: Three Case Studies
Chapter 11: Recovery, Cure, and Philosophy
Appendix: Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)
Other Books by Dr. Peter Raabe
Counseling: Theory and Practice
Issues in Philosophical
Counseling and the Unconscious
Women in Philosophical Counseling
Copyright 2018 Dr. Peter B. Raabe